Lisbon Roman Theatre: a must see and visit
Updated: Oct 31, 2022
The Ruins of the Roman Theatre, or Ruins of the Roman Theatre dedicated to Nero, are located on the southern slope of St. George's Castle, near de Sé, in Lisbon.
The theatre was built in the first century, during the time of the Roman Emperor Augustus.
It was rebuilt in the time of the emperor Nero, and during the reign of Constantine it was partially dismantled.
Abandoned in the 4th century, it remained buried until 1798, when the ruins were discovered after the 1755 earthquake.
The object of several archeological campaigns since 1967, part of the benches, the orchestra, the stage and mouth of the stage, and a large number of decorative elements were recovered.
The first excavations to discover the state of the ruins began under the auspices of architect Francisco Xavier Fabri.
Located in the city's historic area, this site museum is a section of the Museum of Lisbon. It displays the city's theater, which has visible structures dating from the first century AD, one of the most significant monuments of the Roman Felicitas Iulia Olisipo.
The Museum of Lisbon - Roman Theatre has a long-term exhibition area installed in two buildings from different periods in addition to the archaeological excavations, where visitors can see the broad foundation of the proscaenium (the supporting wall of the scenic façade) and the orchestra (the area reserved for the city's elite).
The south structure was constructed in the 17th century, but a floor was added during the industrial era to make room for a factory that made suitcases.
The late 19th century saw the construction of the north structure. Both were renovated and modified for use at the museum, which debuted in 2001.
To enable for the public display of the fresh archaeological artifacts discovered in the interim, the museum was closed from 2013 to 2015.
It reopened in 2015 under the name Museum of Lisbon - Roman Theatre with updated long-term exhibit and better accessibility.
2014's Valmor Municipal Prize for Architecture jury gave the creation of architects Daniela Hermano and João Carrasco an honorable mention.